Immunological and Histopathological Effect of Plant Extract on Schistocerca Gregaria


Badriah M. K. Asiri

Abstract


The desert Locust, Schistocerca gregaria (Forsk) is one of the serious pests attacking vegetables and wide varieties of other field crops in Egypt and other different countries.The present study was also extended to conduct the insecticidal effect of the most  potent  extracts  Citrullus colocynthis, and Guayacum officinalis extract  post  formulation  on  S. gergaria larvae. The present study has been conducted to investigate the effect of plant extract on differential and total haemocyte counts and midgut histopathologiocal changes of S. gregaria Four types of haemocytes were characterized; prohaemocytes (PRs), plasmatocytes (PLs), granulocytes (GRs) and oenocytoids (OEs). The percentage of PRs decreased in insects fed on leaves treated with Citrullus colocynthis, and Guayacum officinalis plant The percentage of PLs increased, while the percentage of GRs decreased in all tested insects treated. The percentages of oenocytoids (OEs) increased in insect fed treated compared with control.  Results indicated that THCs of insects fed on leaves treated significantly decreased in all insects treated. also,  showed  highly  histopathological  disturbances  in  the midgut  and body wall cells of  this pest.  Among the most recorded observations are vacuolation, destruction of the cells.

 


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About this article

Title

Immunological and Histopathological Effect of Plant Extract on Schistocerca Gregaria

Date

2016-02-20

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Journal of Life Sciences Research
Vol 3, No 1 (2016) Page: 1-7

Print ISSN

2518-0126

Online ISSN

2408-9184

Statistics

170 Views | 240 Downloads

Citations

0

Authors & Affiliations

Badriah M. K. Asiri
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science for Girls, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah
Saudi Arabia


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Journal of Life Sciences Research
Online ISSN: 2408-9184 | Print ISSN: 2518-0126
Google-based Impact Factor (2017): 1.63

 

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